The 2018 Malawi Population and Housing Census highlights that the median age of the population in Malawi is 17 years. The age and sex
pyramid shows that Malawi’s population is still youthful but also transitioning from high fertility to low fertility as is confirmed by the narrowing base of population aged 0-4 year. The youth face diverse challenges such that their transition to adulthood needs to be understood in the larger developmental context.
As the HIV prevalence rate and the TFR decline, the teenage pregnancy rate remains high at 29%.
When concerted efforts are coupled with smaller number of children per family, it opens up a window of opportunity known as the “Demographic Dividend”. Since the majority of the Malawi population is youthful, investing in young people could result in an increased share of working-age adults in future.
The Ministry of Labor, Youth, Sports and Manpower Development, through the National Youth Council of Malawi (NYCOM), coordinates and promotes youth development and participation in Malawi. This webpage shares more information on youth issues.